Strain Fingerprints Comparison
Different strains of cannabis, also called chemovars, have different characteristics depending partly upon the cannabinoid content and terpene content. There are currently about 113 different known cannabinoids and over 200 different terpenes, as well as many other ingredients such as flavonoids, plant sterols, polysaccharides, and some components yet to be discovered. Steep Hill Labs website is one site where the strain fingerprints can be viewed, as well as Leafly.com and others. Below is a sample of some common strains and a brief description and important features of each. The top line of the graph in the middle section shows the cannabinoids, and the bottom line shows the terpenes. The circle shows the THC amount in green and CBD amount in pink. Hence you can extrapolate the THC:CBD ratio...
Chemdawg 4 is a high THC strain with small (.08%) but acceptable amounts of CBD. Notable for this strain is the large amount of the terpene B-Caryophyllene. This terpene is also found in black pepper, cloves, cotton, oregano, and hops, and imparts a woody or spicy taste. This terpene is anti-proliferative for cancer, useful for inflammatory pain, a bacteriostatic agent, anti-fungal, and anti-inflammatory. It can also be effective in gastro-intestinal disorders and Crohn's disease...B-Myrcene (a sedative terpene) levels are fairly low, but there is a small but substantial amount of Linalool, also a sedative terpene that is found in the lavender plant. Fairly unique for Chemdawg is also the high level of the cannabinoid CBL (cannabicyclol). This little researched cannabinoid is non psychoactive, is a breakdown product like cannabinol, and is formed from cannabichromene under light. More clinical research is needed on this cannabinoid metabolite.
Blue Dream actually may be a pretty good name for this strain. THC is the psychoactive cannabinoid that can make you sleepy, but only after a time period of 1-3 hours after dosing. Initially this can be a stimulating strain, but be more sleep inducing as it breakdown and metabolizes to cannabinol (CBL). Simialr CBD amounts as in the above strain chem dawg. This amount of CBD fairly typical of a lot of strains (ie .08 -2%) and seen quite often in general. B-Myrcene levels are fairly high for sedation effects, as well as some Linalool. Minimal levels of B-Caryophyllene, and no CBL (cannabicyclol). However, there is more cannabichromene (CBC), a valuable cannabinoid. CBC is beneficial, non psychoactive, and an analgesic as well as promoter of bone growth. It allows the bodies own endocannabinoids to last longer to prolong their effect, as well as can increase the viability of brain cells.
Durban Poisin has a similar THC:CBD ratio as the above two strains, with the very common amount of CBD that is found in most strains. Once again, although relatively small, this amount of CBD is very therapeutic (.1-2%) and prolongs and potentiates the medicinal effect of the plant. You always want some CBD in every strain you use regardless of your reason to use cannabis!! The terpene most prominent here is Limonene, which is a citrus flavored terpene, and found in citrus rinds, lemons, dill, carraway, juniper, and peppermint. This is an uplifting terpene, anti-depressant, and anti-anxiety. Also anti-tumor it has been shown to arrest breast cancer cells in vitro. Also a bronchodilator, along with A-Pinene. Limonene tastes great and is also an agent used in GERD (gastro-intestinal reflux disease). Also exceptional in Durban Poisun are the high levels of the cannabinoid THCV - tetrahydrocannabivarin, and this is an appetite suppressant useful for those wishing to lose weight along with the terpene humulene! THCV also decrease the length of time of the THC's psychoactive effect, and has a stimulating effect and can also reduce tremors. THCV may also be useful in Parkinsons disease and PTSD.
Sour Diesel has a characteristic taste, somewhat chemical, pungent, and earthy. Remarkable for simply higher levels of limonene, caryophyllene, and CBL. Also has moderate levels of A-Pinene. This terpene is a bronchodilator, ant-inflammatory,and prevents the short term memory loss associated with cannabis use! It is found in pine trees, eucalyptus, and sage. Pinene can increase focus, and also increases the permeability of the blood brain barrier.
Cannatonic is a somewhat balanced strain, but higher in THC than CBD. It would have a ratio of approximately THC:CBD of about 70% THC to 30% CBD. This can also be expressed as 1:3. As a high CBD strain it has less of a psychoactive effect but more pain relief, sedating, and medicinal effects. This strain is best used for begginer users, or those who do not want the effects of getting "high" or psychoactivity that can accompany the high THC strains mentioned above. All the remaining cannabinoids and terpenes are well balanced and non-remarkable. This strain is used for those wishing to use CBD most effectively, which is to combine it with a moderate or small amount of THC.
ACDC is a high CBD strain with minimal amounts of THC. This strain is joined by many others in the cannabis world that are also high in CBD. Strains such as Charlotte's Web, Remedy, Ringo's Gift, Cannatonic, Sour Tsunami, etc... Most sensitive or naive users can easily tolerate this low level of THC, and this is a very benficial medicinal strain for those seeking the benfits of CBD. CBD binds to a non cannabinoid receptor TRPV-1 which mediates pain and inflammation. Also it inhibits the enzymes FAAH and cytochrome P-40 which allows the THC and endocannabinoids to last longer with a prolonged effect. While CBD is non-psychoactive, it is psysiologically active and has a sedating effect in hgih doses but stimulating in low doses. This is a great strain for many medical conditions including anxiety, epilepsy, seizures, inflammatory diseases, GI problems, and where sedation is required.